Knee replacement surgery - clinically better known as arthroplasty entails the procedure of surgically removing diseased cartilage and bone particles from the knee area, knee cap, thigh bone and the shin bone, replacing them with artificial joints and peripherals made of metal alloys, high grade plastics and polymers

If the knee is severely damaged either by arthritis or due to a serious injury, performing even the simplest of tasks may turn out to be the extremely painful. Even walking may be a problem and if all non surgical treatments like medications and/or the use of walkers and other devices are no longer functional, considering an arthroplasty or knee replacement surgery would be the most permanent solution.

Knee joint replacement surgery is completely safe and the most effective and permanent procedure in case the knee is damaged beyond recovery.

The first knee replacement surgery was performed in 1968. Since then, there have been certain definite improvements in implant materials, design and techniques which in turn have thoroughly enhanced the effectiveness of the total knee replacement procedure. Today total knee replacements are one of the most successful procedures performed.

There are certain specific conditions in which doctors may recommend the total knee replacement procedure; the most common of them being the knee that has 'bowed' or bent inwards as a result of severe arthritis. However, one who has a regular stiffness that limits the random use of the knee joints and legs or anyone who is suffering at large due to a continuous severe knee pain regardless of any physical activity, can also be recommended for a total knee replacement surgery.